MSc student publications

We see publication as the natural outcome of research by Masters students. We are proud that many student projects are published in leading journals, including Nature and Science. In the list below, the student’s name is highlighted in bold type, and research contributions are numbered; public engagement contributions are not numbered.


187. Ballell, A., Mai, B. and Benton, M.J. 2023. Divergent strategies in cranial biomechanics and feeding ecology of the ankylosaurian dinosaurs. Scientific Reports 13, 18242.

186. Barrett, R.Adebowale, M.Birch, H.Wilson, J. D., & Schmidt, D. N. 2023Planktic foraminiferal resilience to environmental change associated with the PETMPaleoceanography and Paleoclimatology38, e2022PA004534.

185. Berks, H.O., Lunde Nielsen, M., Flannery‐Sutherland, J., Thorshøj Nielsen, A., Park, T.Y.S. and Vinther, J. 2023. A possibly deep branching artiopodan arthropod from the lower Cambrian Sirius Passet Lagerstätte (North Greenland). Papers in Palaeontology9, e1495.

184. Janis, C.M., O’Driscoll, A.M., and Kear, B.P. 2023. Myth of the Qantas leap: perspectives on the evolution of kangaroo locomotion. Alcheringa 47, 671-685.

183. Sethapanichsakul, T., Coram, R.A. and Benton, M.J. 2023. New information on the cranial anatomy of the Middle Triassic rhynchosaurian reptile Bentonyx sidensis. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica published online.

182. Sethapanichsakul, T., Coram, R.A. and Benton, M.J. 2023. Unique dentition of rhynchosaurs and their two-phase success as herbivores in the Triassic. Palaeontology 3, e12654.


181. Álvarez-Armada, N., Cameron, C.B., Bauer, J.E., and Rahman, I.A. 2022. Heterochrony and parallel evolution of echinoderm, hemichordate and cephalochordate internal bars. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 289, 20220258.

180. Chambi-Trowell, S.A.V., Whiteside, D.I., Skinner, M., Benton, M.J., and Rayfield, E.J. 2022. Phylogenetic relationships of the European trilophosaurids Tricuspisaurus thomasi and Variodens inopinatusJournal of Vertebrate Paleontology 41, e1999250.

179. Deakin, W.J., Anderson, P.S.L., den Boer, W., Smith, W.J., Hill, J.J., Rücklin, M., Donoghue, P.C.J. and Rayfield, E.J. 2022. Increasing morphological disparity and decreasing optimality for jaw speed and strength during the radiation of jawed vertebrates. Science Advances 8: eabl3644.

178. Jamison-Todd, S., Moon, B.C., Rowe, A.J., Williams, M., and Benton., M.J. 2022. Dietary niche partitioning in Early Jurassic ichthyosaurs from Strawberry Bank. Journal of Anatomy 241, 1409-1423 (doi: 10.1111/joa.13744). pdf. Supplementary files are here. Featured on the front cover for December 2022.

177. Jamson, K.M., Moon, B.C. and Fraass, A.J. 2022. Diversity dynamics of microfossils from the Cretaceous to the Neogene show mixed responses to events. Palaeontology 65, e12615.

176. Jones, B., Martín-Serra, A., Rayfield, E.J., and Janis, C.M. 2022. Distal humeral morphology indicates locomotory divergence in extinct giant kangaroos. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 29, 27–41.

175. Pevsner, S.K., Grossnickle, D.M. and Luo, Z.-X. 2022. The functional diversity of marsupial limbs is influenced by both ecology and developmental constraint. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 135, 569–585.

174. Simões, T.R., Kinney-Broderick, G., and Pierce, S.E. 2022. An exceptionally preserved Sphenodon-like sphenodontian reveals deep time conservation of the tuatara skeleton and ontogeny. Communications Biology 5(1), 195.

173. Vanadzina, K. and Schmidt, D.N. 2022. Developmental change during a speciation event: evidence from planktic foraminifera. Paleobiology 48, 120-136.

172. Wagstaffe, A.Y., O’Driscoll, A.M., Kunz, C.J., Rayfield, E.J. and Janis, C.M. 2022. Divergent locomotor evolution in “giant” kangaroos: evidence from foot bone bending resistances and microanatomy. Journal of Morphology 283,  313-332.

171. Williams, H., Duffin, C.J., Hildebrandt, C., Parker, A., Hutchinson, D., and Benton, M.J. 2022. Microvertebrates from the Rhaetian bone beds at Westbury Garden Cliff, near Gloucester, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 133, 119-136 (doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.01.002).


170. Carlisle, E.M., Jobbins, M., Pankhania, V., Cunningham, J.A. and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2021. Experimental taphonomy of organelles and the fossil record of early eukaryote evolution. Science Advances  7(5), eabe9487 (doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abe9487).

169. Cracknell, K., García-Bellido, D.C., Gehling, J.G., Ankor, M.J., Darroch, S.A.F., and Rahman, I.A. 2021. Pentaradial eukaryote suggests expansion of suspension feeding in White Sea-aged Ediacaran communities. Scientific Reports 11(1), art. 4121 (doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83452-1).

168. De Vivo, G., Lautenschlager, S., and Vinther, J. 2021. Three-dimensional modelling, disparity and ecology of the first Cambrian apex predators. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288, 20211176 (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2021.1176).

167. Faust, J.C., Tessin, A., Fisher, B.J., Zindorf, M., Papadaki, S., Hendry, K.R., Doyle, K.A. and März, C. 2021. Millennial scale persistence of organic carbon bound to iron in Arctic marine sediments. Nature Communications 12, 275 (doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-20550-0).

166. Heckeberg, N.S., Anderson, P.H.S.L., and Rayfield, E.J. 2021. Testing the influence of crushing surface variation on seed-cracking performance among beak morphs of the African seedcracker Pyrenestes ostrinusJournal of Experimental Biology 224, jeb230607 (doi: 10.1242/jeb.230607).

165. Howell, N., Sheard, C., Koneru, M., Brockelsby, K., Ono, K. and Caro, T. 2021. Aposematism in mammals. Evolution published online (doi: 10.1111/evo.14320).

164. Hu, K., King, J.L., Romick, C.A., Dufeau, D.L., Witmer, L.M., Stubbs, T.L., Rayfield, E.R., and Benton, M.J. 2021. Ontogenetic endocranial shape change in alligators and ostriches and implications for the development of the nonavian dinosaur endocranium. The Anatomical Record 304, 1759-1775(doi: 10.1002/ar.24579).

163. Murphy, J.L., Puttick, M.N., O’Reilly, J.E., Pisani, D. and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2021. Empirical distributions of homoplasy in morphological data. Palaeontology 64, 505-518. (doi: 10.1111/pala.12535).

162. Singh, S.A., Elsler, A., Stubbs, T.L., Bond, R., Rayfield, E.R., and Benton, M.J. 2021. Niche partitioning shaped herbivore macroevolution through the early Mesozoic. Nature Communications 12, art. 2796 (doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-23169-x).

161. Vixseboxse, P.B., Kenchington, C.G., Dunn, F.S., and Mitchell, E.G. 2021. Orientations of Mistaken Point fronds indicate morphology impacted ability to survive turbulence. Frontiers in Earth Science 9, 762824 (doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.762824).

160. Young, C.M.E., Schwing, P.T. and Cotton, L.J. 2021. Benthic foraminiferal morphological response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Marine Micropaleontology 164, 101971 (doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2021.101971).


159. Cassarino, L.Hendry, K.R., Henley, S.F., MacDonald, E., Arndt, S, Freitas, F.S., Pike, J., and Firing, Y.L. 2020. Sedimentary nutrient supply in productive hot spots off the West Antarctic peninsula revealed by silicon isotopes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34(12), e2019GB006486 (doi: 10.1029/2019GB006486).

158. Coatham, S. J., Vinther, J., Klug, C., and Rayfield, E.J. 2020. Was the Devonian placoderm Titanichthys a suspension-feeder? Royal Society Open Science 7(5), art. 200272 (doi: 10.1098/rsos.200272).

157. Conti, S., Vila, B., Sellés, A.G., Galobart, À., Benton, M.J., Prieto-Márquez, A. 2020. The oldest lambeosaurine dinosaur from Europe: insights into the arrival of Tsintaosaurini. Cretaceous Research 107, art. 104286 (doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104286).

Cooper, J.A. 2020. Scaling a giant. Geoscientist 30(10), 10-15. Read Jack’s article here.

156. Cooper, J.A., Pimiento, C., Ferrón, H.G., and Benton, M.J. 2020. Body dimensions of the extinct giant shark Otodus megalodon: a 2D reconstruction. Scientific Reports 10, 14596 (doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-71387-y).

155. Demuth, O.E., Rayfield, E.J., and Hutchinson, J.R. 2020. 3D hindlimb joint mobility of the stem‑archosaur Euparkeria capensis with implications for postural evolution within Archosauria. Scientific Reports 10, 15357 (doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-70175-y).

154. Díez Díaz, V., Demuth, O.E., Schwarz, D., and Mallison, H. 2020. The tail of the Late Jurassic sauropod Giraffatitan brancai: digital reconstruction of its epaxial and hypaxial musculature, and implications for tail biomechanics. Frontiers in Earth Science 8, art. 160 (doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.00160).

153. Grossnickle, D.M., Chen, M., Wauer, J.G.A., Pevsner, S.K.Weaver, L.N.Meng, Q.-J.Liu, D., Zhang, Y.-G., and Luo, Z.-X. 2020. Incomplete convergence of gliding mammal skeletons. Evolution 74, 2662–2680 (doi: 10.1111/evo.14094).

152. Guillerme, T., Cooper, N., Brusatte, S.L., Davis, K.E., Jackson, A.L., Gerber, S., Goswami, A., Healy, K., Hopkins, M.J., Jones, M.E.H., Lloyd, G.T., O’Reilly, J.E., Pate, A., Puttick, M.N., Rayfield, E.J., Saupe, E.E., Sherratt, E., Slater, G.J., Weisbecker, V., Thomas, G.H., and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2020. Disparities in the analysis of morphological disparity. Biology Letters 16, art.  20200199 (doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2020.0199).

151. Kendall, S., Gradstein, F., Jones, C., Lord, O.T. and Schmidt, D.N. 2020. Ontogenetic disparity in early planktic foraminifers. Journal of Micropalaeontology 39, 27-39 (doi: 10.5194/jm-39-27-2020).

150. Morales-García, N.M., Säilä, L.K., and Janis, C.M. 2020. The Neogene savannas of North America: a retrospective analysis on artiodactyl faunas. Frontiers in Earth Science 8, art. 191 (doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.00191).

Donald Quicke, Buntike Butcher and Rachel Kruft Welton. 2020 Practical R for Biologists: An Introduction (CABI Publishing, 416 pp.).

149.  Ronan, J., Duffin, C.J.,  Hildebrandt, C.,  Parker, A., Hutchinson, D., Copp, C. and Benton, M.J. 2020, Beginning of Mesozoic marine overstep of the Mendips: the Rhaetian and its fauna at Hapsford Bridge, Vallis Vale, Somerset, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 131, 535-561 (doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2020.02.005).

148. Roy, A., Rogers, C.S., Clements, T., Pittman, I., Habimana, O., Martin, P., and Vinther, J. 2020. Chapter 9: Fossil microbodies are melanosomes: Evaluating and rejecting the “fossilized decay-associated microbes” hypothesis. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 440, 251-276.

147. Skinner, M., Whiteside, D.I., and Benton, M.J. 2020. Late Triassic island dwarfs? Terrestrial tetrapods of the Ruthin fissure (South Wales, UK) including a new genus of procolophonid. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 131, 578-594 (doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2020.04.005).

146. Stevenson, M.A., Faust, J.C., Andrade, L.L., Freitas, F.S., Gray, N.D., Tait, K., Hendry, K.R., Hilton, R.G., Henley, S.F., Tessin, A., Leary, P., Papadaki, S., Ford, A., März, C. and Abbott, G.D. 2020. Transformation of organic matter in a Barents Sea sediment profile: coupled geochemical and microbiological processes. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. 37820200223 (doi: 10.1098/rsta.2020.0223).

145. Todd, C.L., Schmidt, D.N., Robinson, M.M. and De Schepper, S. 2020. Planktic foraminiferal test size and weight response to the Late Pliocene environment. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 35(1), e2019PA003738 (doi: 10.1029/2019PA003738).


144. Adams, N.F., Rayfield, E.J., Cox, P.G., Cobb, S.N. and Corfe, I.J. 2019. Functional tests of the competitive exclusion hypothesis for multituberculate extinction. Royal Society Open Science 6, 181536 (doi: 10.1098/rsos.181536).

143. Allen, B.J., Stubbs, T.L., Benton, M.J., and Puttick, M.N. 2019. Archosauromorph extinction selectivity during the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction. Palaeontology 62, 211–224 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12399).

142. Ballell, A., Moon, B. C., Porro, L. B., Benton, M. J. & Rayfield, E. J. 2019. Convergence and functional evolution of longirostry in crocodylomorphs. Palaeontology 62, 867-887 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12432).

141. Brocklehurst, R., Porro, L., Herrel, A., Adriaens, D. and Rayfield, E.J. 2019. A digital dissection of two teleost fishes: comparative functional anatomy of the cranial musculoskeletal system in pike (Esox lucius) and eel (Anguilla anguilla). Journal of Anatomy 235, 189-204 (doi: 10.1111/joa.13007).

140. Cawley, J.J., Kriwet, J., Klug, S., and Benton, M.J. 2019. The stem group teleost Pachycormus (Pachycormiformes: Pachycormidae) from the Upper Lias (Lower Jurassic) of Strawberry Bank, UK. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 93, 285–302 (doi: 10.1007/s12542-018-0431-7).

139. Driscoll, D.A., Dunhill, A.M., Stubbs, T.L., and Benton, M.J. 2019. The mosasaur fossil record through the lens of fossil completeness. Palaeontology 62, 51-75 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12381).

138. Gutarra, S., Moon, B.C., Rahman, I.A., Palmer, C., Lautenschlager, S., Brimacombe, A.J. and Benton, M.J. 2019. Effects of body plan evolution on the hydrodynamic drag and energy requirements of swimming in ichthyosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286: 20182786 (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2786).

137. Howard, R.J., Edgecombe, G.D., Legg, D.A., Pisani, D., and Lozano-Fernandez, J. 2019. Exploring the evolution and terrestrialization of scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) with rocks and clocks. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 19, 71–86 (doi: 10.1007/s13127-019-00390-7).

136. Lozano-Fernandez, J., Giacomelli, M., Fleming, J., Chen, A., Vinther, J., Thomsen, P.F., Glenner, H., Palero, F., Legg, D.A., Iliffe, T.M., Pisani, D., and Olesen, J. 2019. Pancrustacean evolution illuminated by taxon-rich genomic-scale data sets with an expanded remipede sampling. Genome Biology & Evolution 11, 2055-2070 (doi: 10.1093/gbe/evz097).

135. Madan, M., Prothero, D.R. and Syverson, V.J.P. 2019. Stasis in the smaller owls from Rancho la Brea during the last glacial-interglacial climate change. Palaeontologia Electronica 22(3), 22.3.70 (doi: 10.26879/960).

134. Patrick, E. L.,  Whiteside, D. I. & Benton, M. J. 2019. A new crurotarsan archosaur from the Late Triassic of South Wales. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 39, e1645147 (doi: 10.1080/02724634.2019.1645147).


133. Schmidt D.N., Thomas E,. Authier E., Saunders D. & Ridgwell A. 2018. Strategies in times of crisis—insights into thebenthic foraminiferal record of thePalaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 376: 20170328 (

132. Hethke, M., Fürsich, F.T., Morton, J.D. and Jiang, B. 2018. Analysis of morphological variability in the clam shrimp Eosestheria middendorfii (Crustacea, Spinicaudata) from the Lower Cretaceous of China, and its implications for spinicaudatan taxonomy. Papers in Palaeontology 4, 21-53 (doi: 10.1002/spp2.1096).

131. Keating, J.N., Marquart, C.L., Marone, F., and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2018. The nature of aspidin and the evolutionary origin of bone. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2, 1501-1506 (doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0624-1).

130. McNamara, M.E., Kaye, J.S., Benton, M.J., Orr, P.J., Rossi, V., Ito, S., and Wakamatsu, K. 2018. Non-integumentary melanosomes can bias reconstructions of the colours of fossil vertebrates. Nature Communications 9, art. 2878 (doi: 10.1038//s41467-018-05148-x).

129. Navarro, C.A., Martin-Silverstone, E., and Stubbs, T.L. 2018. Morphometric assessment of pterosaur jaw disparity. Royal Society Open Science 5(4), art. 172130 (doi: 10.1098/rsos.172130).

128. Saitta, E., Clapham, C., and Vinther, J. 2018. Experimental subaqueous burial of a bird carcass and compaction of plumage. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 92, 727–732 (doi: 10.1007/s12542-018-0411-y).


127. Clements, T., Colleary, C., De Baets, K., and Vinther, J. 2017. Buoyancy mechanisms limit preservation of coleoid cephalopod soft tissues in Mesozoic Lagerstätten. Palaeontology 60, 1-14 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12267).

126. Duan, B., Dong, X.-P., Porras, L., Vargas, K., Cunningham, J.A., and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2017. The early Cambrian fossil embryo Pseudooides is a direct developing cnidarian, not an early ecdysozoan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284, 20172188 (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2188).

125. Long, K., Prothero, D., Madan, M., and Syverson, V.J.P. 2017. Did saber-tooth kittens grow up musclebound? A study of postnatal limb bone allometry in felids from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. PLoS One 12(9), e0183175 (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183175).

124. MacLaren, J.A., Anderson, P.S.L., Barrett, P.M., and Rayfield, E.J. 2017. Herbivorous dinosaur jaw disparity and its relationship to extrinsic evolutionary drivers. Paleobiology 43, 15-33 (doi: 10.1017/pab.2016.31).

123. Madan, M., Rayfield, E.J., and Bright, J.A. 2017. Scaling and functional morphology in strigiform hind limbs. Scientific Reports 7, art. 44920 (doi: 10.1038/srep44920).

122. Morton, J.D., Whiteside, D.I., Hethke, M., and Benton, M.J. 2017. Biostratigraphy and geometric morphometrics of conchostracans (Crustacea, Branchiopoda) from the Late Triassic fissure deposits of Cromhall Quarry, UK. Palaeontology 60, 349-374 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12288).

121. Panciroli, E., Janis, C., Stockdale, M., and Martin-Serra, A. 2017. Correlates between calcaneal morphology and locomotion in extant and extinct carnivorous mammals. Journal of Morphology 278, 1333-1353 (doi: 10.1002/jmor.20716).

120. Saitta, E.T., Rogers, C., Brooker, R.A., Abbott, G.D., Kumar, S., O’Reilly, S.S., Donohoe, P., Dutta, S., Summons, R.E. and Vinther, J. 2017. Low fossilization potential of keratin protein revealed by experimental taphonomy. Palaeontology 60, 547-556.

119. Saitta, E.T., Rogers, C.S., Brooker, R.A. and Vinther, J. 2017. Experimental taphonomy of keratin: a structural analysis of early taphonomic changes. Palaios 32, 647-657.

118. Taylor, A.C., Lautenschlager, S., Zhao, Q., and Rayfield, E.J. 2017. Biomechanical evaluation of different musculoskeletal arrangements in Psittacosaurus and implications for cranial function. Anatomical Record 300, 49-61 (doi: 10.1002/ar.23489).

117. Young, F.J. and Vinther, J. 2017. Onychophoran-like myoanatomy of the Cambrian gilled lobopodian Pambdelurion whittingtoni. Palaeontology 60, 27-54 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12269).


116. Dinnis, R., Pate, A., and Reynolds, N. 2016. Mid-to-late Marine Isotope Stage 3 mammal faunas of Britain: a new look. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 127, 435-444 (doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2016.05.002).

115. Hearing, T.W., Legg, D.A., Botting, J.P., Muir, L.A., McDermott, P., Faulkner, S., Taylor, A.C., and Brasier, M.D. 2016. Survival of Burgess Shale-type animals in a Middle Ordovician deep-water setting. Journal of the Geological Society 173, 628-633 (doi: 10.1144/jgs2015-131).

114. Henehan, M.J., Hull, P.M., Penman, D.E., Rae, J.W.B., and Schmidt, D.N. 2016. Biogeochemical significance of pelagic ecosystem function: an end-Cretaceous case study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371, 20150510 (doi: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0510).

113. Ó Gogáin, A., Falcon-Lang, H.J., Carpenter, D.K., Miller, R.F., Benton, M.J., Pufahl, P.K., Ruta, M., Davies, T.G., Hinds, S.J., and Stimson, M.R. 2016. Fish and tetrapod communities across a marine to brackish salinity gradient in the Pennsylvanian (early Moscovian) Minto Formation of New Brunswick, Canada, and their palaeoecological and palaeogeographical implications. Palaeontology 59, 689-724 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12249).

112. Strickson, E., Prieto-Márquez, A., Benton, M.J., and Stubbs, T.L. 2016. Dynamics of dental evolution in ornithopod dinosaurs. Scientific Reports 6, 28904 (doi: 10.1038/srep28904).

111. Tarver, J.E., dos Reis, M., Mirarab, S., Moran, R.J., Parker, S.B., O’Reilly, J..E., King, B.L., O’Connell, M.J., Asher, R.J., Warnow, T., Peterson, K.J., Donoghue, P.C.J., and Pisani, D.. 2016. The interrelationships of placental mammals and the limits of phylogenetic inference. Genome Biology and Evolution 8, 330-344 (doi: 10.1093/gbe/evv261).

110. Vinther, J., Porras, L., Young, F.J., Budd, G.E., and Edgecombe, G.D. 2016. The mouth apparatus of the Cambrian gilled lobopodian Pambdelurion whittingtoni. Palaeontology 59, 841-849 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12256).

109. Wilson, P., Parry, L.A., Vinther, J., and Edgecombe, G.D. 2016. Unveiling biases in soft-tissue phosphatization: extensive preservation of musculature in the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) polychaete Rollinschaeta myoplena (Annelida: Amphinomidae). Palaeontology 59, 463-479 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12237).


108. Apostolaki, N.E., Rayfield, E.J., Barrett, P.M. 2015. Osteological and soft-tissue evidence for pneumatization in the cervical column of the ostrich (Struthio camelus) and observations on the vertebral columns of non-volant, semi-volant and semi-aquatic birds. PLoS ONE 10(12), e0143834 (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143834).

107. Butler, A.D., Cunningham, J.A., Budd, G.E., and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2015. Experimental taphonomy of Artemia reveals the role of endogenous microbes in mediating decay and fossilization. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282(1808), 20150476 (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0476).

106. Cleary, T.J., Moon, B.C., Dunhill, A.M., and Benton, M.J. 2015. The fossil record of ichthyosaurs, completeness metrics and sampling biases. Palaeontology 58, 521-536 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12158).

105. Colleary, C., Dolocan, A., Gardner, J., Singh, S., Wuttke, M., Rabenstein, R., Habersetzer,J., Schaal, S., Feseha, M., Clemens, M., Jacobs, B.F., Currano, E.D., Jacobs, L.L., Sylvestersen, R.L., Gabbott, S.E. and Vinther, J. 2015. Chemical, experimental, and morphological evidence for diagenetically altered melanin in exceptionally preserved fossils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 112, 12592-12597 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1509831112).

104. Halliday, T.J.D., Andrade, M.B. de, Benton, M.J., and Efimov, M.B. 2015. A re-evaluation of goniopholidid crocodylomorph material from Central Asia: biogeographic and phylogenetic implications. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60, 291-312 (doi: 10.4202/app.2013.0018).

103. Jennions, S.M., Thomas, E., Schmidt, D.N., Lunt, D., and Ridgwell, A. 2015. Changes in benthic ecosystems and ocean circulation in the southeast Atlantic across Eocene Thermal Maximum 2. Paleoceanography 30, 1059-1077 (doi: 10.1002/2015PA002821).

102. Keating, J.N., Marquart, C.L., and Donoghue, P.C.J. 2015. Histology of the heterostracan dermal skeleton: insight into the origin of the vertebrate mineralised skeleton. Journal of Morphology 276, 657-680 (doi: 10.1002/jmor.20370).

101. Parry, L.A., Wilson, P., Sykes, D., Edgecombe, G. D., and Vinther, J. 2015. A new fireworm (Amphinomidae) from the Cretaceous of Lebanon identified from three-dimensionally preserved myoanatomy. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15(1), 256 (doi: 10.1186/s12862-015-0541-8).


100. Benton, M.J., Forth, J., and Langer, M.C. 2014. Models for the rise of the dinosaurs. Current Biology 24, R87-R95 (doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.11.063).

99. Carpenter, D.K., Falcon-Lang, H.J., Benton, M.J., and Henderson, E. 2014. Carboniferous (Tournaisian) fish assemblages from the Isle of Bute, Scotland: systematics and palaeoecology. Palaeontology 57, 1215-1240 (doi: 10.1111/pala.12112).

98. Foffa, D., Cuff, A.R., Sassoon, J., Rayfield, E.J., Mavrogordato, M.N., and Benton, M.J. 2014. Functional anatomy and feeding biomechanics of a giant Upper Jurassic pliosaur (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from Weymouth Bay, Dorset, UK. Journal of Anatomy 225, 209-219 (doi: 10.1111/joa.12200).

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